How much annual income will you need in retirement? If you aren't able to answer this question, you're not ready to make a decision about retiring. And, if it's been more than a year since you've thought about it, it's time to revisit your calculations.
Your whole retirement income plan starts with your target annual income, and there are a significant number of factors to consider; start out with a poor estimate of your needs, and your plan is off-track before you've even begun.
It's common to discuss desired annual retirement income as a percentage of your current income. Depending on whom you're talking to, that percentage could be anywhere from 60% to 90%, or even more, of your current income. The appeal of this approach lies
in its simplicity, and the fact that there's a fairly common-sense analysis underlying it: Your current income sustains your present lifestyle, so taking that income and reducing it by a specific percentage to reflect the fact that there will be certain
expenses you'll no longer be liable for (e.g., payroll taxes) will, theoretically, allow you to sustain your current lifestyle.
Factors to consider
It all starts with your plans for retirement — the lifestyle that you envision. Do you expect to travel extensively? Take up or rediscover a hobby? Do you plan to take classes? Whatever your plan, try to assign a corresponding dollar cost. Other
specific considerations include:
- Housing costs: If your mortgage isn't already paid off, will it be paid soon? Do you plan to relocate to a less (or more) expensive area? Downsize?
- Work-related expenses: You're likely to eliminate some costs associated with your current job (for example, commuting, clothing, dry cleaning, retirement savings contributions), in addition to payroll taxes.
- Health care: Health-care costs can have a significant impact on your retirement finances (this can be particularly true in the early years if you retire before you're eligible for Medicare).
- Long-term care costs: The potential costs involved in an extended nursing home stay can be catastrophic.
- Entertainment: It's not uncommon to see an increase in general entertainment expenses like dining out.
- Children/parents: Are you responsible financially for family members? Could that change in future years?
- Gifting: Do you plan on making gifts to family members or a favorite charity? Do you want to ensure that funds are left to your heirs at your death?
Accounting for inflation
Inflation is the risk that the purchasing power of a dollar will decline over time, due to the rising cost of goods and services. If inflation runs at its historical long term average of about 3%, a given sum of money will lose half its purchasing power
in about 23 years.
Assuming a consistent annual inflation rate of 3%, and excluding taxes and investment returns in general, if $50,000 satisfies your retirement income needs in the first year of retirement, you'll need $51,500 of income the next year to meet the same income
needs. In 10 years, you'll need about $67,196. In other words, all other things being equal, inflation means that you'll need more income each year.
Our experienced advisors can assist you with this exercise and provide you with tools
to help you determine your lifetime income needs.